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Sex Transm Dis. 2001 Dec;28(12):690-3.

Prevalence and risk factors for herpes simplex virus type 2 infection among adolescents and adults in northern Cameroon.

Author information

1
AIDS and STD Unit, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy. suligoi@iss.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A number of surveys have reported a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in south central and east central Africa.

GOAL:

To evaluate the distribution and modes of HSV-2 transmission in northern Cameroon.

STUDY DESIGN:

A serosurvey was conducted among 194 adolescents and adults in a Cameroon hospital. Antibodies against HSV-2 were detected by a gG2-specific enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of HSV-2 antibodies was found to be 37.1%. In the multivariate analysis, female gender, no condom use, a positive syphilis serology, and HIV infection were significantly associated with HSV-2 infection.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current findings show that the HSV-2 seroprevalence in northern Cameroon is high and similar to that found in other African countries. HSV-2 infection represents a marker for at-risk sexual behavior and may be a common cofactor for HIV transmission in this geographic area.

PMID:
11725223
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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