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Virus Genes. 2001;23(2):175-81.

Phylogenetic analysis of foot-and-mouth disease viruses isolated in Argentina.

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Instituto de Biotecnologia, INTA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


We have analysed complete or partial VPI sequences of 31 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) viruses belonging to serotypes A, O and C to determine the genetic relatedness of field strains of FMD virus (FMDV) that have circulated in Argentina between 1961 and 1994. Phylogenetic analysis, which also included 15 previously published Argentinean sequences and six reference strains, revealed that (i) FMD type A strains showed the highest genetic heterogeneity and could be divided into five lineages with a sequence divergence of 0.9-18.5% between strains (ii) most of the FMD type O viruses grouped in two clusters (within cluster sequence divergence ranging from 0.2% to 6.0%) circulating in Argentina since the early 1960s, and (iii) FMD type C viruses were grouped in two clusters with a 13.4% nucleotide sequence divergence between each cluster. The availability of sequence data for many more field isolates from the region will enable us to understand the genetic relationships between FMDV strains and to rapidly trace the source of an FMD outbreak for epidemiological surveillance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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