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J Vet Diagn Invest. 2001 Nov;13(6):495-501.

Development of a PCR test to diagnose Haemophilus parasuis infections.

Author information

1
Clinical and Population Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108, USA.

Abstract

A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was developed in order to improve the accuracy and speed of diagnosis of Haemophilus parasuis, an economically important respiratory pathogen that affects swine. The gene sequence of the 16S small subunit ribosomal RNA of H. parasuis (GenBank M75065) was compared with 56 16S sequences of related bacteria, including those frequently isolated from pig tissues. Two species-specific primers were designed: HPS forward and HPS reverse. The predicted size of the amplified PCR product was 821 bp. The PCR test could detect a minimum of 102 bacteria and 0.69 pg of DNA. Thirty-one H. parasuis isolates, including 12 different serovars and 19 field isolates, were positive using the PCR test. No amplification was observed when the test was run using DNA from 15 other bacterial species commonly isolated from swine tissues. A weak band was observed when the PCR test was performed using Actinobacillus indolicus DNA as template. Clinical samples tested by PCR included tissues and swabs from 5 animals naturally infected with H. parasuis and 1 experimentally infected animal. The PCR was positive in 26 of 30 clinical samples. Four samples showed weak bands, and these results were not considered positive. Haemophilus parasuis was isolated from 18 of 30 of these samples. Tissues from specific pathogen-free (SPF) pigs and from unrelated species were negative for H. parasuis isolation and PCR. The developed PCR was successfully used in the diagnosis of H. parasuis infection, especially when compared with traditional microbiology techniques.

PMID:
11724140
DOI:
10.1177/104063870101300607
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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