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Am J Occup Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;55(4):470-5.

Comparison of three wheelchair cushions for effectiveness of pressure relief.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. Hyuen@hp.ufl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Previous studies have suggested that no single wheelchair pressure-relieving cushion material was optimal for all persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the short-term pressure-relieving ability of the three most commonly prescribed wheelchair cushions (Roho, Jay, Pindot) for a person with SCI.

METHOD:

The number of pressure sensors registering at the buttock-cushion interface during wheelchair sitting was measured by the Xsensor Pressure Mapping System after 5 min of sitting. An alternating treatments research design, with an initial baseline and a final treatment phase ending with the most effective cushion for relieving pressure, was used for the clinical evaluation. Measurements were compared using visual inspection and a Wilcoxon signed ranks test.

RESULTS:

Data analyses indicated that the number of pressure sensors that registered potential harmful levels of pressure at the buttock-cushion interface for the Roho cushion was significantly less than those of the Jay and Pindot cushions.

CONCLUSION:

The Roho cushion was more effective in relieving pressure at the seating surface than the Jay and Pindot cushions.

PMID:
11723993
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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