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Thromboembolic disease and antithrombotic therapy in newborns.

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Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Hematology, Victoria, Australia.


This update uses an evidence based approach to analyze and present the epidemiology of neonatal thrombosis, etiologies, currently used techniques for diagnosis with their limitations, and current therapeutic approaches. In addition, the approaches to both prevention and optimal therapies are discussed. In Section I Dr. Paul Monagle addresses the epidemiology of neonatal thrombosis outside of the central nervous system in both arterial and venous locations, and those that occur in utero. The specific contributions of catheters and congenital prothrombotic disorders are delineated. Dr. Monagle also describes currently used techniques for the diagnosis of thrombotic events as well as their limitations and the current therapeutic approaches. In Section II, Dr. Gabrielle deVeber reviews the epidemiology of neonatal thrombosis within the central nervous system, in both arterial and venous locations and those that occur in utero. The neurological presentation, risk factors including congenital prothrombotic disorders, anatomical distribution, diagnostic tests, use of antithrombotic therapy and neurologic outcome of neonates with either sinovenous thrombosis or arterial ischemic stroke are discussed. In Section III, Dr. Anthony Chan reviews the current approaches to the prevention and treatment of neonatal thrombosis. Information on the differences in the response of neonates compared to adults to antithrombotic therapy and new approaches to the prevention and treatment of thrombosis in neonates are emphasized.

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