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Immunology. 2001 Nov;104(3):341-8.

All-trans-retinoic acid and polyriboinosinic : polyribocytidylic acid in combination potentiate specific antibody production and cell-mediated immunity.

Author information

1
The Graduate Program in Nutrition, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.

Abstract

Retinoic acid (RA), an active metabolite of vitamin A, may synergize with interferons (IFN) to evoke a heightened immune response, suggesting combination therapy as a promising treatment for various cancers. Recently, we demonstrated a strong synergism between RA and polyriboinosinic : polyribocytidylic acid (PIC), an inducer of IFN, on antibody production in immunocompromised vitamin A-deficient animals. In the present study, we examined whether this combination could potentiate T-cell-dependent antibody production in non-immunocompromised rats. Forty male Lewis rats were treated with 100 microg all-trans-RA, 20 microg PIC, or the combination in either an 11-d study to evaluate antibody production, changes in lymphocyte populations, and cell proliferation, or a 21-hr study to evaluate early changes in lymphocyte populations and gene expression. The combination of RA + PIC significantly potentiated anti-tetanus IgG levels (P < 0.002). Similarly, this combination also increased the numbers of B cells and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II+ cells in spleen and lymph nodes, and natural killer (NK) cells in spleen and blood (P < 0.05). RA + PIC-treated rats had significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-12, and signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT-1) mRNA (P < 0.05), and STAT-1 protein (P < 0.02). Treatments administered in vivo significantly modulated T-cell proliferation to anti-CD3/phorbol myristyl acetate + IFN-alpha ex vivo. These changes in antibody production, cell distribution, cytokine gene expression, and T-cell proliferation suggest that the combination of RA + PIC stimulates humoral and cell-mediated immunity, and deserves further testing in models of cancer chemoprevention in vivo.

PMID:
11722649
PMCID:
PMC1783315
DOI:
10.1046/j.1365-2567.2001.01317.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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