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Br J Haematol. 2001 Oct;115(1):95-104.

Transplant dose of CD34(+) and CD3(+) cells predicts outcome in patients with haematological malignancies undergoing T cell-depleted peripheral blood stem cell transplants with delayed donor lymphocyte add-back.

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Stem Cell Transplantation Unit, Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


We sought to optimize and standardize stem cell and lymphocyte doses of T cell-depleted peripheral blood stem cell transplants (T-PBSCT), using delayed add-back of donor T cells (DLI) to prevent relapse and enhance donor immune recovery. Fifty-one patients with haematological malignancies received a T-PBSCT from an HLA-identical sibling, followed by DLI of 1 x 10(7) and 5 x 10(7) CD3(+) cells/kg on d +45 and +100 respectively. Twenty-four patients were designated as standard risk and twenty-seven patients with more advanced leukaemia were designated as high risk. Median recipient age was 38 years (range 10-56). Median (range) of CD34(+) and CD3(+) cell transplant doses were 4.6 (2.3-10.9) x 10(6)/kg and 0.83 (0.38-2) x 10(5)/kg respectively. The cumulative probability of acute GVHD was 39%. No patient died from GVHD or its consequences. The probability of developing chronic GVHD was 54% (18% extensive). The probability of relapse was 12% for the standard-risk patients and 66% for high-risk patients. In multivariate analysis, the risk factors for lower disease-free survival and overall survival were high-risk disease, CD34(+) dose < 4.6 x 10(6)/kg and CD3(+) dose < 0.83 x 10(5)/kg. Predictive factors for chronic GVHD were a T-cell dose at transplant > 0.83 x 10(5) CD3(+) cells/kg. These results further define the impact of CD34 and CD3 cell dose on transplant outcome and show that careful dosing of stem cells and lymphocytes may permit the control and optimization of transplant outcome.

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