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J Neurotrauma. 2001 Nov;18(11):1217-27.

Monitoring of reactive oxygen species production after traumatic brain injury in rats with microdialysis and the 4-hydroxybenzoic acid trapping method.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience and Neurosurgery, Clinical Chemistry at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden. Niklas.Marklund@neurokir.uu.se

Abstract

The detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is based on indirect methods due to the high reactivity and short half-life of ROS in biological tissue. The commonly used salicylate trapping method has several disadvantages making it unsuitable for human use. We have evaluated 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA) together with microdialysis (MD) in the rat as an alternative method. 4-HBA forms one stable adduct, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3,4-DHBA), when reacting with ROS and has not previously been used together with MD after TBI. Twenty-seven rats were used for the assessment of 3,4-DHBA production as an indicator of ROS formation in a controlled contusion injury model using intracerebral MD with 3 mM 4-HBA in the perfusate. For comparison, salicylate trapping was used in eight rats. TBI caused a 250% increase of 3,4-DHBA that peaked at 30 min after injury in severely injured rats and remained significantly elevated as compared to baseline for 90 min after trauma. The mild injury level caused a 100% increase in 3,4-DHBA formation at 30 min after the injury. When the MD probe was placed in the perimeter of the injury site, no significant increase in ROS formation occurred. Salicylate trapping showed a similar increase in adduct formation after severe injury. In addition, high cortical concentrations of 4-HBA and salicylate were found. It is concluded that microdialysis with 4-HBA as a trapping agent appears to be a useful method for ROS detection in the rat with a potential clinical utility.

PMID:
11721740
DOI:
10.1089/089771501317095250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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