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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jan 25;277(4):2716-24. Epub 2001 Nov 20.

Novel vacuolar H+-ATPase complexes resulting from overproduction of Vma5p and Vma13p.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, State University of New York, Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York 13210, USA.


The vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase) is a multisubunit complex composed of two sectors: V(1), a peripheral membrane sector responsible for ATP hydrolysis, and V(0), an integral membrane sector that forms a proton pore. Vma5p and Vma13p are V(1) sector subunits that have been implicated in the structural and functional coupling of the V-ATPase. Cells overexpressing Vma5p and Vma13p demonstrate a classic Vma(-) growth phenotype. Closer biochemical examination of Vma13p-overproducing strains revealed a functionally uncoupled V-ATPase in vacuolar vesicles. The ATP hydrolysis rate was 72% of the wild-type rate; but there was no proton translocation, and two V(1) subunits (Vma4p and Vma8p) were present at lower levels. Vma5p overproduction moderately affected both V-ATPase activity and proton translocation without affecting enzyme assembly. High level overexpression of Vma5p and Vma13p was lethal even in wild-type cells. In the absence of an intact V(0) sector, overproduction of Vma5p and Vma13p had a more detrimental effect on growth than their deletion. Overproduced Vma5p associated with cytosolic V(1) complexes; this association may cause the lethality.

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