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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2001 Dec 1;396(1):80-8.

The betam protein, a member of the X,K-ATPase beta-subunits family, is located intracellularly in pig skeletal muscle.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio 43614, USA.


The sequence of the pig cDNA encoding the muscle-specific betam-protein, a member of the X,K-ATPase beta-subunits family, was determined. Two alternatively spliced transcripts encoding polypeptide chains of 355 and 351 residues were identified. The tissue specificity of expression of betam and other X,K-ATPase beta-subunit genes was studied by RT-PCR performed on 24 tissues from newborn pigs. The betam expression was shown to be highly tissue-specific, being detected at the highest level in skeletal muscle, at a lower level in heart, and at much lower level in skin. The betam transcripts are more abundant in the tissues from the newborn than adult. Immunoblotting and deglycosylation shift assay indicated that skeletal muscle membranes of newborn pigs contain betam protein with an electrophoretic mobility and carbohydrate content very similar to that of human betam. Fractionation of membranes from both newborn and adult pig skeletal muscles by isopycnic centrifugation revealed that the majority of the betam protein is concentrated in the sarcoplasmic reticulum-containing fractions. This intracellular location is a unique property that distinguishes the betam protein from other members of the X,K-ATPase beta-subunit family.

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