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Ann Plast Surg. 2001 Nov;47(5):540-6.

Protective effect of fucoidin (a neutrophil rolling inhibitor) on ischemia reperfusion injury: experimental study in rat epigastric island flaps.

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Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Osmangazi University Medical Faculty, Eskişehir, Turkey.


The objective of this study was to examine whether a decrease in neutrophil-mediated tissue injury using Fucoidin, a nontoxic neutrophil rolling inhibitor, would improve flap survival in an island flap model after ischemia-reperfusion. Myeloperoxidase activity (an indirect index of tissue neutrophil count) and malondialdehyde (an indicator of lipid peroxidation), the degree of neutrophil infiltration by direct counting, and macroscopic flap survival were assessed in the flap after arterial ischemia-reperfusion. Epigastric island skin flaps were elevated in 56 rats. The first group of 21 rats was subjected to 6 hours of arterial ischemia. The second group of 21 rats was subjected to 10 hours of arterial ischemia, and the rest of the rats were used as nonischemic controls (sham flaps). For inhibiting neutrophil rolling, a nontoxic polysaccharide agent-Fucoidin-was used. Each ischemic group was divided further into three subgroups: Subgroup I (control rats) received saline, subgroup II received 10 mg per kilogram Fucoidin, and subgroup III received 25 mg per kilogram Fucoidin before reperfusion. The results were evaluated as tissue neutrophil counts, tissue malondialdehyde content, tissue myeloperoxidase activity, and flap survival. Neutrophil counts and tissue myeloperoxidase activity were decreased significantly (p <0.001) in subgroup III, but lipid peroxidation by means of tissue malondialdehyde content was not affected by Fucoidin administration. The authors conclude that administration of Fucoidin before reperfusion can limit tissue injury apparently by inhibiting neutrophil rolling in a dose-dependent manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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