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Cardiol Clin. 2001 Nov;19(4):583-96, viii.

Polypharmacy of heart failure. Creating a rational pharmacotherapeutic protocol.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

In the management of chronic heart failure, polypharmacy is common, necessary, and often overlooked. The increasing costs of care, noncompliance, and frequent adverse drug interactions have led to diminishing benefits by simply adding additional drugs to the already complex regimen. This review outlines a rational pharmacotherapeutic protocol based on establishing overall therapeutic goals and confirming treatment targets, tailoring therapy to individual patients by balancing beneficial and adverse drug effects, and paying particular attention to patient education and other nonpharmacologic support.

PMID:
11715179
DOI:
10.1016/s0733-8651(05)70245-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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