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J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Nov;49(11):5194-200.

Sucrose metabolism and exopolysaccharide production in wheat and rye sourdoughs by Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis.

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Lehrstuhl für Technische Mikrobiologie, Technische Universität München, 85350 Freising, Germany.


The exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced from sucrose by Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis LTH2590 is predominantly composed of fructose. EPS production during sourdough fermentation has the potential to affect rheological properties of the dough as well as the volume, texture, and keepability of bread. Its in situ production by L. sanfranciscensis LTH2590 was demonstrated during sourdough fermentation after the hydrolysis of water soluble polysaccharides. In wheat and rye doughs with sucrose addition the concentration of fructose in the hydrolysate of polysaccharides was significantly higher than that in the hydrolysate of control doughs or doughs without sucrose addition. EPS production by L. sanfranciscensis in wheat doughs was confirmed by the determination of delta (13)C values of water soluble polysaccharides after the addition of naturally labeled sucrose, originating from C(3)- and C(4)-plants. In rye doughs, evidence for EPS production with the isotope technique could be demonstrated only by the determination of delta (13)C values of fructose from water soluble polysaccharides. In addition to EPS formation from sucrose, sucrose hydrolysis by L. sanfranciscensis in wheat and rye sourdoughs resulted in an increase of mannitol and acetate concentrations and in accumulation of glucose. It was furthermore observed that flour arabinoxylans were solublized during the fermentation.

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