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Acc Chem Res. 2001 Nov;34(11):895-904.

Wide bite angle diphosphines: xantphos ligands in transition metal complexes and catalysis.

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Institute of Molecular Chemistry, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 166, 1018 WV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The reactivity of organotransition metal complexes is dependent on the ligand environment of the metal. This Account describes the development and application of new diphosphine ligands, designed to induce large P-M-P angles in transition metal complexes. Aided by computational chemistry, a homologous range of diphosphines based on rigid heterocyclic aromatic backbones of the xanthene-type with natural bite angles of approximately 100-134 degrees have been developed. The special structure of the ligands has an enormous impact on stability and reactivity of various transition metal complexes. Highly active and selective catalysts have been obtained by influencing this reactivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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