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Clin Cardiol. 2001 Nov;24(11):705-9.

Effects of low-dose aspirin on endothelial function in hypertensive patients.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been reported that administration of low-dose aspirin significantly reduces the frequency of major cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease. It is generally considered that the preventative effects of long-term aspirin administration on major cardiovascular events are due to the inhibition of platelet aggregation.

HYPOTHESIS:

It is not known whether administration of low-dose aspirin restores endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and this study was undertaken to prove or disprove this question in patients with hypertension.

METHODS:

Flow-mediated endothelium-dependent dilatation and glyceryl trinitrate-induced endothelium-independent dilatation were investigated in 18 hypertensive patients and 10 normotensive control subjects. In the hypertensive patients, flow-mediated dilatation was investigated and cyclic guanosine monophosphate plasma (cGMP) was measured before and at 8 weeks after the administration of 162 mg of aspirin.

RESULTS:

Flow-mediated dilatation before aspirin administration was more reduced in the hypertensive patients than in the control subjects (6.4+/-2.0% vs. 11.3+/-2.3%, p <0.0001). Glyceryl trinitrate-induced dilatation before aspirin administration was similar in hypertensive patients and control subjects. Flow-mediated dilatation after aspirin administration was improved compared with that before aspirin administration (10.4+/-3.5% vs. 6.4+/-2.0%, p<0.0004). The cGMP product after aspirin administration was significantly higher than that before aspirin administration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Administration of low-dose aspirin may restore the endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in hypertensive patients. Furthermore, increased nitric oxide production may play a partial role in the improvement in endothelial function induced by administration of low-dose aspirin.

PMID:
11714127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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