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Brain Behav Evol. 2001 Jun;57(6):328-42.

Pharmacological characterization of the D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors from the brain of the leopard frog, Rana pipiens.

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Institute for Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, Tex., USA.


The pharmacological profiles of D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors were investigated for native brain receptors in the leopard frog, Rana pipiens, using direct binding assays, which characterize functional receptors rather than assess total receptor protein. We used homogenate assays of R. pipiens fore- and midbrains to determine, via saturation isotherms, that the dissociation constant, Kd, for (3)H-SCH-23390 binding to the D1-like receptors was 0.29 nM, and the maximal receptor density, Bmax, was 40 fmoles/mg protein. This compares with the more than 10-fold higher density of D1 sites in rat striatum. Specific binding for the D2-like receptors was measurable using these methods with (3)H-spiperone as the ligand. However, saturation of binding was not achieved. This contrasts with the > 400 fmoles/mg protein Bmax in rat striatum. Pharmacological profiles (rank order of potency of displacing drugs) for each receptor type were determined. We used non-radioactive SCH-23390, SKF-38393, sulpiride, and spiperone to displace (3)H-SCH-23390 and (3)H-spiperone at D1 and D2 receptors, respectively. Parallel displacement assays were performed with rat striatal controls. Results indicated that the relative rank order displacements in anuran dopamine receptors were characteristic of D1- and D2-like receptors. However, the rank orders were not identical to those in mammals. The rank order for affinity at D1-like receptors in both rats and frogs was SCH-23390 > SKF-38393 > spiperone > sulpiride. The rank order for affinity at D2-like receptors was spiperone > SCH-23390 > sulpiride > SKF-38393 in frogs, and spiperone > sulpiride > SCH-23390 > SKF-38393 in rats. SKF-38393 and spiperone had similar affinities for the 'D1' receptors in both species. SCH-23390 had a slightly lower affinity for the D1-like receptors in Rana, whereas sulpiride had a significantly lower affinity for Rana D1-like receptors compared to rat D1 receptors. In Rana D2-like receptors, spiperone and sulpiride were significantly less potent compared to rat. However, SCH-23390 and SKF-38393 were equally potent for the D2-like receptors in both species. The results indicate that amphibian brain dopamine receptors fall into two classes similar to the mammalian D1 and D2 subfamilies, but with binding characteristics slightly different from those typically described in mammals. This work represents the first pharmacological characterization of native brain dopaminergic receptors in an anuran amphibian. Because direct binding assays measure the initial aspect of the functional interaction between transmitter and receptor, these data provide an important complement to studies using cell expression systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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