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J Prof Nurs. 2001 Nov-Dec;17(6):305-12.

Assessment of professional nursing students' knowledge and attitudes about patients of diverse cultures.

Author information

1
Center for Hispanic Studies in Nursing and Health, The University of Texas at Arlington, School of Nursing, Arlington, TX 76019, USA. MLBond@uta.edu

Abstract

This study examined personal attitudes of 152 Bachelors of Science in Nursing (BSN), registered nurse (RN) to BSN, and master's students enrolled in a school of nursing in the southwestern United States toward culturally diverse patients and their perceived knowledge of specific cultural practices and culture-specific skills. Three instruments were used to collect data: the Ethnic Attitude Scale-Part I, the Transcultural Questionnaire, and a demographic survey. Findings reveal that students in all three programs had a relatively low knowledge base about specific cultural groups. The only statistically significant difference found in attitudes, perceived knowledge of cultural patterns, or perceived cultural skills by program was the slightly higher perceived ability of generic BSN students to distinguish between concepts such as ethnocentrism and discrimination, intra- and intercultural diversity, and ethnicity and culture. Similar to other studies of measurement of provider attitudes and perceived cultural knowledge, the results of this study reinforce the struggle experienced by educators and the challenges faced by health care administrators grappling with teaching and delivering culturally competent care. The findings imply that nurse educators need to examine alternate models and teaching strategies to move students along the continuum of cultural learning.

PMID:
11712116
DOI:
10.1053/jpnu.2001.28426
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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