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J Strength Cond Res. 2001 May;15(2):185-91.

Training status influences T-cell responses in women following acute resistance exercise.

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Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise Science, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66045, USA.


The purpose of this investigation was to examine white blood cell counts (WBC), immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG, IgM) levels, and T-cell proliferation following acute resistance training in 9 untrained (UT) and 6 trained (TR) women. Resistance training on 7 Universal machines at the subject's 10 repetition maximum (IORM) was performed at 89 +/- 5% for UT and 88 +/- 3% for TR. Blood was analyzed for WBCs and Ig levels pre-exercise, immediately postexercise, and 1.5, 3, and 24 hours postexercise. T-cell proliferation was determined pre-exercise and 3 hours postexercise through response to phytohemagglutanin (PHA). WBCs were significantly elevated in the UT subjects 1.5 and 3 hours postexercise compared with pre- and immediately postexercise; no differences (p < 0.05) were observed in TR subjects. No significant differences were found for Ig levels either between or within groups, although there was a trend for decreased IgG following exercise. T-cell proliferation was significantly decreased in the UT at 3 hours postexercise (0.27 +/- 0.06 units) compared with pre-exercise (0.41 +/- 0.06 units), whereas the proliferative response in TR was not significantly different from pre-exercise (0.48 +/- 0.04 units) to 3 hours postexercise (0.34 +/- 0.06 units). These data indicate that UT subjects experience an increase in WBC counts and a decrease in T-cell proliferative ability after acute resistance training, whereas TR subjects experience no significant change in these parameters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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