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Biomacromolecules. 2000 Summer;1(2):168-73.

Formation and structure of artificial cellulose spherulites via enzymatic polymerization.

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Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan.

Erratum in

  • Biomacromolecules 2000 Fall;1(3):509.


The in-depth structural analysis of spherulites of artificial cellulose, formed by the enzymatic polymerization of cellobiosyl fluoride, is reported. Both positive- and negative-type spherulites were observed by polarization optical microscopy. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the negative spherulites have a three-dimensional round shape, where platelike single crystals of the artificial cellulose originate radially from the center. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed that the cellulose chains orient vertically in the platelike crystals, explaining the observation of negative-type spherulites by polarization optical microscopy. Cellulose spherulites can be formed easily via the enzymatic polymerization process, and the occurrence of both positive- and negative-type spherulites is proposed, due to two independent polymerization mechanisms.

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