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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2001 Dec;281(6):H2731-7.

Nutritive blood flow affects microdialysis O/I ratio for [(14)C]ethanol and (3)H(2)O in perfused rat hindlimb.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Medical School, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia.


Changes in the microdialysis outflow-to-inflow (O/I) ratio for [(14)C]ethanol and (3)H(2)O were determined in the perfused rat hindlimb after increases and decreases in nutritive flow mediated by the vasoconstrictors norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT), respectively. Microdialysis probes (containing 10 mM [(14)C]ethanol and (3)H(2)O pumped at 1 or 2 microl/min) were inserted through the calf of the rat. Hindlimb perfusion flow rate was varied from 6 to 56 ml x min(-1) x 100 g(-1) in the presence of NE, 5-HT, or saline vehicle. The O/I ratios for both tracers were determined at each perfusion flow rate, as was perfusion pressure, oxygen uptake (a surrogate indicator of nutritive flow), and lactate release. Both tracers showed a decreased O/I ratio as hindlimb perfusion flow was increased, with [(14)C]ethanol being higher than (3)H(2)O. NE decreased the O/I ratio compared with vehicle, and 5-HT increased it for both tracers and both microdialysis flow rates. We conclude that the microdialysis O/I ratio, while able to detect changes in total flow, is also sensitive to changes in nutritive and nonnutritive flow, where the latter still extracts tracer, but less than the former.

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