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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2001 Dec;45(12):3355-61.

CTX-M-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamase that hydrolyzes ceftazidime through a single amino acid substitution in the omega loop.

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  • 1Service de Bactériologie-Virologie, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Assistance Publique/Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de Médecine Paris-Sud, 94275 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre Cedex, France.


Escherichia coli ILT-1, Klebsiella pneumoniae ILT-2, and K. pneumoniae ILT-3 were isolated in May 1999 in Paris, France, from a rectal swab of a hospitalized 5-month-old girl. These isolates had a clavulanic acid-inhibited substrate profile that included expanded-spectrum cephalosporins. The MICs of cefotaxime were higher for E. coli ILT-1 and K. pneumoniae ILT-2 than for K. pneumoniae ILT-3, while the opposite was found for the MICs of ceftazidime. Genetic and biochemical analyses revealed that E. coli ILT-1 and K. pneumoniae ILT-2 produced the CTX-M-18 beta-lactamase, while K. pneumoniae ILT-3 produced the CTX-M-19 beta-lactamase. The amino acid sequence of the CTX-M-18 beta-lactamase differed from that of the CTX-M-9 beta-lactamase by an Ala-to-Val change at position 231, while CTX-M-19 possessed an additional Pro-to-Ser change at position 167 in the omega loop of Ambler class A enzymes. The latter amino acid substitution may explain the CTX-M-19-mediated hydrolysis of ceftazidime, which has not been reported for other CTX-M-type enzymes. The bla(CTX-M-18) and bla(CTX-M-19) genes were located on transferable plasmids that varied in size (ca. 60 and 50 kb, respectively) but that showed similar restriction patterns.

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