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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2001 Nov 1;17(16):1473-9.

N-linked glycosylation in the V3 region of HIV type 1 surface antigen modulates coreceptor usage in viral infection.

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Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Washington, Seattle, 98121, USA.


The V3 hypervariable region of HIV-1 surface protein has been identified as a major determinant for viral tropism and coreceptor usage. However, the role of the highly conserved N-linked glycan at the V3 loop remains controversial. To further examine its role in viral infection, we introduced a conservative amino acid substitution (asparagine to glutamine) in the V3-proximal glycosylation motif (Asn-X-Ser/Thr) in the surface glycoprotein of a CXCR4-using virus (BRU), a CCR5-using virus (SF162), and a dual-tropic virus (89.6). The effect of the mutation was determined by complementation assays, and by infectivity on CEMx174 and U373-MAGI cells expressing either CXCR4 or CCR5. The mutation resulted in decreased CXCR4 usage by SHIV89.6, but increased usage by BRU. Similarly, it abrogated CCR5 usage by SHIV89.6, but had no effect on SF162. This effect was not dependent on the specific amino acid substitution used, because a threonine-toalanine mutation in the same motif in 89.6 Env yielded identical results as the asparagine-to-glutamine mutation. These findings support the notion that multiple factors, including glycosylation at V3, contribute to coreceptor usage and that the particular effects exerted by the N-linked glycan itself appear to be isolate dependent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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