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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 23;289(1):25-33.

Interaction of AP-1 with a cluster of NF-kappa B binding elements in the human TNF promoter region.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford University, Oxford OX3 7BN, United Kingdom. iudalova@molbiol.ox.ac.uk

Abstract

Transcriptional activation of the human TNF gene involves multiple regulatory elements whose functional properties vary between stimuli and cell types. Here we have used a COS-7 expression system to dissect the transactivating potential of NF-kappa B binding sites in the human TNF promoter region from other regulatory influences. In this model, NF-kappa B acts largely through a dense cluster of three binding sites located 600 nt upstream of the transcription start site. We show that the transcriptional activity of this complex is highly sensitive to the p65:p50 ratio that is expressed. We demonstrate that the AP-1 complex c-Jun/Fra2 is capable of binding to this region and that this inhibits the transactivating effects of NF-kappa B. These results are suggestive of a complex regulatory element that mediates fine control rather than acting as a simple on-off switch for TNF gene expression.

PMID:
11708771
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2001.5929
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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