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J Strength Cond Res. 2001 Feb;15(1):148-56.

Effects of general, special, and specific resistance training on throwing velocity in baseball: a brief review.

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Department of Kinesiology and Leisure Science, College of Education, University of Hawaii-Manoa, Honolulu 96822, USA.


Throwing velocity is a necessary requirement for success in baseball. All position players, including pitchers, may increase their defensive performance if their throwing velocity is improved. A review of the literature suggests that throwing velocity can be increased by resistance training and/or biomechanical improvement of the throwing motion. This paper reviews the 3 broad categories of resistance-training methods by which throwing velocity is increased. The results of research using general, special, and specific throwing resistance-training exercises are presented. The role and applications of these different exercises for baseball players of different ages are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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