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Vet Parasitol. 2001 Dec 3;102(1-2):151-61.

Immunization of cattle with Anaplasma marginale derived from tick cell culture.

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Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078-2007, USA.


Anaplasmosis is a hemolytic disease of cattle caused by the ehrlichial tick-borne pathogen Anaplasma marginale. Killed vaccines used for control of anaplasmosis in the US used antigen harvested from infected bovine erythrocytes which was often contaminated with bovine cells and other pathogens. In this study, we performed an initial cattle trial to test A. marginale harvested from tick cell culture as an immunogen for cattle. Eleven yearling Holstein cattle were immunized with the cell culture-derived A. marginale and 11 cattle were non-immunized contact controls. Each vaccine dose contained approximately 2 x 10(10) A. marginale in an oil-based adjuvant. Two immunizations were administered subcutaneously 4 weeks apart and the cattle were challenge-exposed 10 weeks after the second immunization with A. marginale infected blood. Maximum antibody levels as determined by an A. marginale specific competitive ELISA were observed 2 weeks after the last immunization. Antibody responses against major surface proteins (MSPs) 1a and 1beta1 were also characterized and immunized cattle demonstrated a preferential recognition for MSP1beta1. Cattle immunized with the cell culture-derived A. marginale had a significantly lower percent reduction in the packed cell volume (P<0.05) after challenge exposure as compared with the controls and did not display clinical anaplasmosis. The cell culture-derived A. marginale shows promise for use as antigen in development of a new killed vaccine for anaplasmosis.

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