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Neurobiol Aging. 2001 Sep-Oct;22(5):721-7.

Reduced effectiveness of Abeta1-42 immunization in APP transgenic mice with significant amyloid deposition.

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Department of Neurosciences, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA.


Vaccinations with Abeta1-42 have been shown to reduce amyloid burden in transgenic models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have further tested the efficacy of Abeta1-42 immunization in the Tg2576 mouse model of AD by immunizing one group of mice with minimal Abeta deposition, one group of mice with modest Abeta deposition, and one group with significant Abeta deposition. The effects of immunization on Abeta deposition were examined using biochemical and immunohistochemical methods. In Tg2576 mice immunized prior to significant amyloid deposition, Abeta1-42 immunization was highly effective. Biochemically extracted Abeta40 and Abeta42 levels were significantly reduced and immunohistochemical plaque load was also reduced. Immunization of mice with modest amounts of pre-existing Abeta deposits selectively reduced Abeta42 without altering Abeta40, although plaque load was reduced. In contrast, in Tg2576 mice with significant pre-existing Abeta loads, Abeta1-42 immunization only minimally decreased Abeta42 levels, whereas no alteration in Abeta40 levels or in plaque load was observed. These results indicate that in Tg2576 mice, Abeta1-42 immunization is more effective at preventing additional Abeta accumulation and does not result in significant clearance of pre-existing Abeta deposits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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