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Oncogene. 2001 Oct 25;20(48):7021-8.

Gastrin induces over-expression of genes involved in human U373 glioblastoma cell migration.

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Laboratoire des Amino Acides, Peptides et Protéines (L.A.P.P) UMR CNRS 5810, Universités Montpellier I et II, Faculté de Pharmacie, 15 Av. C. Flahault, 34060 Montpellier, France.


Astrocytic tumors are the most common and the most malignant primary tumors of the central nervous system. We had previously observed that gastrin could significantly modulate both cell proliferation and migration of astrocytoma cells. We have investigated in the present study which genes could be targeted by gastrin in tumor astrocyte migration. Using a subtractive hybridization PCR technique we have cloned genes differentially over-expressed in human astrocytoma U373 cells treated or not with gastrin. We found about 70 genes over-expressed by gastrin. Among the genes overexpressed by gastrin, we paid particular attention to tenascin-C, S100A6 and MLCK genes because their direct involvement in cell migration features. Their gastrin-induced overexpression was quantitatively determined by competitive RT-PCR technique. We also showed by means of a reporter gene system that S100A6 and tenascin-C respective promoters were upregulated after gastrin treatment. These data show that gastrin-mediated effects in glioblastoma cells occur through activation of a number of genes involved in cell migration and suggest that gastrin could be a target in new therapeutic strategies against malignant gliomas.

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