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Nat Neurosci. 2001 Dec;4(12):1207-16.

GABA(B) receptor activation enhances mGluR-mediated responses at cerebellar excitatory synapses.

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Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan.


Metabotropic gamma-aminobutyric acid type B (GABAB) and glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are postsynaptically co-expressed at cerebellar parallel fiber (PF)-Purkinje cell (PC) excitatory synapses, but their functional interactions are unclear. We found that mGluR1 agonist-induced currents and [Ca2+]i increases in PCs were enhanced following co-activation of GABAB receptors. A GABAB antagonist and a G-protein uncoupler suppressed these effects. Low-concentration baclofen, a GABAB agonist, augmented mGluR1-mediated excitatory synaptic current produced by stimulating PFs. These results indicate that postsynaptic GABAB receptors functionally interact with mGluR1 and enhance mGluR1-mediated excitatory transmission at PF-PC synapses. The interaction between the two types of metabotropic receptors provides a likely mechanism for regulating cerebellar synaptic plasticity.

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