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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2001 Dec;281(6):F1173-7.

Urogenital distribution of a mouse membrane-associated prostaglandin E(2) synthase.

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA.


PGE(2) plays a critical role in regulating renal function and facilitating reproduction. One of the rate-limiting biosynthetic enzymes in PGE(2) synthesis is the terminal PGE(2) synthase (PGES). In the present studies, we report the functional expression of a membrane-associated murine PGES (mPGES) and its expression in urogenital tissues. Two independent cDNA clones sharing an identical open reading frame of 459 bp and encoding a peptide of 153 amino acids, but differing in the 3'-untranslated region, were identified. Assays for enzymatic activity, using microsomes prepared from cells transfected with mPGES cDNA, showed that these cDNA sequences encode a functional protein that catalyzes the conversion of PGH(2) to PGE(2). Constitutive expression of mPGES was highest in the mouse kidney, ovary, and urinary bladder but was also expressed at lower levels in uterus and testis. Renal mPGES expression was predominantly localized to epithelia of distal tubules and medullary collecting ducts. High expression was also seen in transitional epithelial cells of bladder and ureter and in the primary and secondary follicles in the ovary. In conclusion, mPGES is constitutively expressed along the urogenital tract, where it may have important roles in normal physiology and disease.

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