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Kidney Int. 2001 Nov;60(5):1745-55.

Effects of anti-TGF-beta type II receptor antibody on experimental glomerulonephritis.

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1
Division of Nephrology, Internal Medicine III, Nagoya University School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Aichi, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Renal fibrosis, characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM), is a common histopathological feature of progressive renal disease of diverse etiology. Interaction between transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and TGF-beta type II receptor (TGF-betaIIR) may play an important role in the ongoing fibrotic process. TGF-betaIIR and TGF-beta have been reported to be up-regulated in human glomerulopathies. In order to block the TGF-beta system, many studies have inhibited TGF-beta itself, but not its receptors. Our study explored the effects of fully human monoclonal antibody against TGF-betaIIR (hTGF-betaIIRAb) on experimental proliferative glomerulonephritis.

METHODS:

hTGF-betaIIRAb was generated from Xenomice. The expression of TGF-betaIIR was studied by immunohistochemistry in normal and anti-Thy-1 nephritis rats. hTGF-betaIIRAb or control Ab was injected intraperitoneally at day 0 and day 4 of anti-Thy-1 nephritis, and rats were sacrificed at day 7. Effects of hTGF-betaIIRAb were assessed by histological and immunopathological measurements.

RESULTS:

The specificity of hTGF-betaIIRAb was confirmed by ELISA and Western blot analysis. By immunostaining, TGF-betaIIR expression was up-regulated in the proliferative lesions of anti-Thy-1 nephritis at day 7. In the hTGF-betaIIRAb-treated group, the extent of mesangial expansion was less than that in the control group. By immunohistology, alpha-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin-EDA, and type I collagen were significantly reduced in the hTGF-betaIIRAb-treated group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Anti-TGF-betaIIR antibody ameliorated ECM accumulation in anti-Thy-1 nephritis. Our data suggest that TGF-betaIIR may be one of the therapeutic targets, and that fully human monoclonal antibody against TGF-betaIIR may have a new therapeutic potential for renal fibrosis.

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