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Clin Lab Haematol. 2001 Oct;23(5):307-12.

Glycoprotein V-specific platelet-associated antibodies in thrombocytopenic patients.

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Finnish Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Helsinki, Finland Jorvi Hospital, Espoo, Finland.


In autoimmune thrombocytopenia, platelet-associated IgG (PA-IgG) frequently displays specificity against glycoprotein (GP) IIbIIIa and/or GP IbIX. Because in a high proportion of patients positive PA-IgG may not be explained by these GP specificities, studies on other target proteins are needed. We studied the presence of GP V-specific PA-IgG by direct monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigens (MAIPA) with the monoclonal antibody SW16. We focused on 69 consecutive random patients with histories of thrombocytopenia who were strongly positive for PA-IgG detected by the direct platelet immunofluorescence test (PIFT). PA-IgG against GP V (ratio > or = 1.5) was noted in 15 (22%) patients. The degree of PA-IgG measured by PIFT, and of GP IIbIIIa-and/or GP IbIX-specific PA-IgG measured by direct MAIPA, correlated directly with the GP V-specific PA-IgG (P < 0.001). In one patient, GP V-specific antibodies were associated with quinidine-induced thrombocytopenia. Although this patient had strongly positive GP V-specific PA-IgG, she remained negative in GP IIbIIIa- and GP IbIX-specific direct MAIPA. Two patients studied because of thrombocytopenia associated with gold therapy had strongly positive GP V-specific PA-IgG. In one patient with rheumatoid arthritis and severe gold-induced thrombocytopenia, the amount of GP V-specific PA-IgG decreased during the recovery phase. Thus, GP V may represent an important target antigen in autoimmune-mediated thrombocytopenia, especially in drug-induced thrombocytopenia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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