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Annu Rev Phytopathol. 2000;38:541-576.

NEW FRONTIERS IN THE STUDY OF DISPERSAL AND SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF EPIDEMICS CAUSED BY SPECIES IN THE GENUS PHYTOPHTHORA.

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  • 1Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695; e-mail: Jean_Ristaino@ncsu.edu

Abstract

Diseases caused by species in the genus Phytophthora are responsible for significant economic losses on a wide range of host plants. Spatial pattern is one of the most characteristic ecological properties of a species, and reflects environmental and genetic heterogeneity and reproductive population growth acting on the processes of reproduction, dispersal, and mortality. Species of Phytophthora can be dispersed either in soil, via surface water movement down rows, from rain splash dispersal, by air, or via movement by humans or invertebrate activity. Dispersal results in patchiness in patterns of disease or inoculum in soil. In this chapter we discuss the mechanisms of dispersal of members of this important genus and describe several methods that can be used to statistically analyze data for which spatial coordinates are known. The methods include testing spatial autocorrelation for binary data or continuous data, semivariograms, and regression models for spatial data. The goal of spatial pattern analysis is to gain an understanding of the mechanisms of dispersal of propagules and to sort out the physical and biological factors that are important for spread of plant pathogens and ultimately, for disease management.

PMID:
11701854
DOI:
10.1146/annurev.phyto.38.1.541
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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