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Crit Care Med. 2001 Nov;29(11):2051-9.

Safety and dose relationship of recombinant human activated protein C for coagulopathy in severe sepsis.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-2650, USA.



To assess the safety and effect on coagulopathy of a range of doses of recombinant human activated protein C (rhAPC). To determine an effective dose and duration of rhAPC for use in future clinical trials.


Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter, dose-ranging (sequential), phase II clinical trial.


Forty community or academic medical institutions in United States and Canada.


One hundred thirty-one adult patients with severe sepsis.


Intravenous infusion of rhAPC (12, 18, 24, or 30 microg/kg/hr) or placebo for 48 or 96 hrs.


No significant differences in incidence of serious bleeding events (4% rhAPC, 5% placebo, p >.999) or incidence of serious adverse events (39% rhAPC, 46% placebo, p = 0.422) between rhAPC- and placebo-treated patients were observed. One of 53 rhAPC-treated patients with suitable immunogenicity samples had a low level, transient, non-neutralizing anti-APC antibody response not associated with any clinical adverse event. Significant dose-dependent decreases in both D-dimer (p <0.001) and end of infusion interleukin 6 levels (p =.021) were demonstrated. No statistically significant effects on fibrinogen or platelet counts were observed. A nonstatistically significant 15% relative risk reduction in 28-day all-cause mortality was observed between rhAPC- and placebo-treated patients.


rhAPC was safe and well-tolerated and demonstrated a dose-dependent reduction in D-dimer and interleukin 6 levels relative to placebo. The dose of 24 microg/kg/hr for 96 hrs was selected for use in future clinical studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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