Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Leuk Lymphoma. 2001 Jul;42(3):329-37.

Fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, liposomal daunorubicin (daunoXome), and dexamethasone (hyperCVXD) regimen in Richter's syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Leukemia, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Box 428, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.

Abstract

Approximately 3 to 5% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) develop an aggressive large cell non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) known as Richter's syndrome (RS). RS has a poor prognosis and a response rate of < 10% with fludarabine-based or other cytotoxic combination regimens. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the hyperCVXD regimen in RS. Twenty-nine patients, median age 61 years (36-75) 23 males, were treated. Prior diagnosis was CLL in 26 patients, NHL in 2, and Prolymphocytic leukemia in 1. Treatment consisted of fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, daunoXome and dexamethasone. Six patients (20%) died while receiving study therapy, 4 (14%) during the first cycle of whom 2 had started therapy with overt pneumonia. Grade 4 granulocytopenia occurred in all 95 cycles of therapy with a median time to recovery of 14 days. Twenty three (24%) cycles were complicated by fever, and 15 (15%) by pneumonia. Sepsis was documented in 8 (8%) cycles, and neuropathy in 5 (5%) of cycles. Twenty three patients had a platelet count < 100 x 10(9)/l prior to therapy: a greater than 50% decrease in platelet count over pre-therapy level occurred in 79% of first cycles, overt bleeding occurred in 4 (4%) of all cycles. Eleven of 29 (38%) patients achieved complete remission (CR), 4 of whom have relapsed after 5, 6, 9, and 12 months of remission. Two of 11 CR patients presented with RS without any prior CLL therapy. One patient had a partial remission. Thus the overall response rate was 12/29 (41%). Overall median survival was 10 months, 19 months in patients who achieved CR, 3 months in those who did not (p = 0.0008). A landmark analysis performed at 2 months from start of therapy comparing patients alive in CR versus patients alive but not in CR showed a median survival of 19 months versus 6 months, respectively (p 0.0017). In conclusion the hyper CVXD regimen has a relatively high response rate, significant toxicity and a moderate impact on survival in RS.

PMID:
11699397
DOI:
10.3109/10428190109064589
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Taylor & Francis
Loading ...
Support Center