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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Nov 20;98(24):14150-5. Epub 2001 Nov 6.

AtHKT1 is a salt tolerance determinant that controls Na(+) entry into plant roots.

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  • 1Center for Plant Environmental Stress Physiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1165, USA.

Abstract

Two Arabidopsis thaliana extragenic mutations that suppress NaCl hypersensitivity of the sos3-1 mutant were identified in a screen of a T-DNA insertion population in the genetic background of Col-0 gl1 sos3-1. Analysis of the genome sequence in the region flanking the T-DNA left border indicated that sos3-1 hkt1-1 and sos3-1 hkt1-2 plants have allelic mutations in AtHKT1. AtHKT1 mRNA is more abundant in roots than shoots of wild-type plants but is not detected in plants of either mutant, indicating that this gene is inactivated by the mutations. hkt1-1 and hkt1-2 mutations can suppress to an equivalent extent the Na(+) sensitivity of sos3-1 seedlings and reduce the intracellular accumulation of this cytotoxic ion. Moreover, sos3-1 hkt1-1 and sos3-1 hkt1-2 seedlings are able to maintain [K(+)](int) in medium supplemented with NaCl and exhibit a substantially higher intracellular ratio of K(+)/Na(+) than the sos3-1 mutant. Furthermore, the hkt1 mutations abrogate the growth inhibition of the sos3-1 mutant that is caused by K(+) deficiency on culture medium with low Ca(2+) (0.15 mM) and <200 microM K(+). Interestingly, the capacity of hkt1 mutations to suppress the Na(+) hypersensitivity of the sos3-1 mutant is reduced substantially when seedlings are grown in medium with low Ca(2+) (0.15 mM). These results indicate that AtHKT1 is a salt tolerance determinant that controls Na(+) entry and high affinity K(+) uptake. The hkt1 mutations have revealed the existence of another Na(+) influx system(s) whose activity is reduced by high [Ca(2+)](ext).

PMID:
11698666
PMCID:
PMC61183
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.241501798
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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