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Neurosci Lett. 2001 Nov 13;314(1-2):82-6.

Impairment of the neuronal dopamine transporter activity in MPP(+)-treated rat was not prevented by treatments with nitric oxide synthase or poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors.

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Groupe d'Etudes des Mécanismes Cellulaires de l'Ischémie GEMCI, UPRES EA 1223, 34, rue du Jardin des Plantes, BP 199, 86005 Poitiers cedex, France.


The neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) causes, via its metabolite MPP(+), damages of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathway, similar to those observed in Parkinson's disease. An intranigral injection of 10 microg MPP(+) in rat induced a decrease of about 30% of the neuronal dopamine transporter (DAT) activity 21 days after lesion. Based on the hypothesis that MPTP/MPP(+) neurotoxicity involves the nitric oxide (NO) production and/or an activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), we investigated the preventive effects of a treatment either with L-Name, a NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor or 3-aminobenzamide, a PARP inhibitor on the reduction of dopamine uptake induced by MPP(+). Rats received a daily injection i.p. of 50 mg/kg L-Name or 10 mg/kg 3-aminobenzamide 3 days before and during 21 days after the MPP(+) lesion. The results showed that inhibitors of NOS and PARP did not prevent the alteration of DAT activity induced by 10 microg MPP(+), indicating that NO and PARP were not involved in the biochemical cascade leading to the inhibition of rat DAT activity by MPP(+) in our experimental conditions.

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