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Acta Paediatr. 2001 Oct;90(10):1107-11.

Integration of vitamin A supplementation with the Expanded Programme on Immunization: lack of impact on morbidity or infant growth.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. rdsemba@jhmi.edu

Abstract

Vitamin A deficiency is associated with increased morbidity and mortality from diarrheal disease, measles, and malaria. It has been proposed that vitamin A supplementation could be linked with childhood immunization programs to improve child health. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the impact of linking vitamin A supplementation with the Expanded Programme on Immunization on morbidity and child growth. In West Java, Indonesia, 467 six-week-old infants were randomized to receive 7.5 mg retinol equivalent (RE), 15 mg RE, or placebo with childhood immunization contacts at 6, 10, and 14 wks and 9 mo of age. Child growth was assessed through anthropometry, and morbidity histories were obtained. Vitamin A supplementation had no apparent impact upon linear or ponderal growth or infectious disease morbidity in the first 15 mo of age when integrated with the Expanded Programme on Immunization.

CONCLUSION:

Although improving vitamin A nutriture is of general importance in reducing diarrheal and measles morbidity and mortality in developing countries, this clinical trial showed no apparent benefit of vitamin A capsules for infant health when given through childhood immunization programs.

PMID:
11697418
DOI:
10.1080/080352501317061477
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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