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Free Radic Res. 2001 Sep;35(3):273-80.

Longitudinal study of urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine excretion in healthy adults.

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Department of Occupational Medicine, University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.


Numerous studies have investigated the urinary excretion of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as a biomarker for the assessment of oxidative DNA damage in humans. In this study, we performed six consecutive series of measurement of urinary levels of 8-OHdG in 68 healthy probands, in order to provide information on the intra- and inter-individual variability of 8-OHdG and to estimate the influence of smoking, age, sex, body weight and body mass index (BMI) on the excretion of 8-OHdG. The intra-individual coefficient of variation (CV) of urinary 8-OHdG/24 h ranged from 0.18 to 1.06 (mean CV = 0.48). Women excreted significantly lower amounts of 8-OHdG/24 h than men, but the difference lost its significance when the body weight or urinary creatinine were used as covariates. By multiple linear regression analysis significant correlations between the mean individual levels of 8-OHdG/24 h excretion and urinary creatinine (rp = 0.61), and cotinine (rp = 0.27) have been observed, whereas no statistically significant effect of age, body weight and BMI was found. The 8-OHdG/creatinine ratio was found to be significantly increased in 23 smokers (1.95 +/- 0.40 mumol/mol) opposed to 45 non-smoking probands (1.62 +/- 0.50 mumol/mol), which is in good agreement with previously published data. No effect of passive smoking on the excretion of 8-OHdG was found. From our data we conclude that the intra-individual variability of urinary 8-OHdG excretion has been underestimated so far, indicating that values of 8-OHdG measured by single spot monitoring are not representative for individual base levels.

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