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FEBS Lett. 2001 Nov 2;507(3):288-94.

GSK-3 inhibition by adenoviral FRAT1 overexpression is neuroprotective and induces Tau dephosphorylation and beta-catenin stabilisation without elevation of glycogen synthase activity.

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1
Neurology Centre of Excellence in Drug Discovery, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals, Essex, UK.

Abstract

Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK-3) has previously been shown to play an important role in the regulation of apoptosis. However, the nature of GSK-3 effector pathways that are relevant to neuroprotection remains poorly defined. Here, we have compared neuroprotection resulting from modulation of GSK-3 activity in PC12 cells using either selective small molecule ATP-competitive GSK-3 inhibitors (SB-216763 and SB-415286), or adenovirus overexpressing frequently rearranged in advanced T-cell lymphomas 1 (FRAT1), a protein proposed as a negative regulator of GSK-3 activity towards Axin and beta-catenin. Our data demonstrate that cellular overexpression of FRAT1 is sufficient to confer neuroprotection and correlates with inhibition of GSK-3 activity towards Tau and beta-catenin, but not modulation of glycogen synthase (GS) activity. By comparison, treatment with SB-216763 and SB-415286 proved more potent in terms of neuroprotection, and correlated with inhibition of GSK-3 activity towards GS in addition to Tau and beta-catenin.

PMID:
11696357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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