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Arch Androl. 2001 Nov-Dec;47(3):167-71.

Absence of Yq microdeletions in infertile men.

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Institute of Human Genetics, University of Leipzig, Germany.


Microdeletions of the long arm of the Y chromosome (Yq) were described in men with idiopathic azoo- or oligozoospermia and seem to cause impairment of spermatogenesis. Deletion frequencies differ considerably among selected infertile men. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Yq microdeletions in patients with idiopathic infertility. Men with azoospermia or oligozoospermia resulting from endocrine or obstructive causes or with a constitutional cytogenetic anomaly were excluded. Ninety-seven patients presenting at infertility centers in Leipzig and Zurich were included in the study. Sixty-four (66%) of them were severely oligozoospermic (sperm concentrations < 5 x 10(6)/mL) and 33 (36%) were azoospermic. A sequence-tagged site (STS) PCR strategy was applied for the microdeletion screening. Thirteen STS markers spanning the whole euchromatic region of Yq were used. No Y-chromosomal microdeletion could be detected in these 97 infertile men. This result suggests a much lower Yq deletion frequency than previously thought, even among strictly selected patients with idiopathic azoo- or oligozoospermia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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