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Bull World Health Organ. 2001;79(10):980-2; discussion 983-7. Epub 2001 Nov 1.

Can we prevent cardiovascular diseases in low- and middle-income countries?

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  • 1National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892-2468, USA.


Ischaemic heart disease, the largest cause of death worldwide, is rapidly becoming a major threat in low- and middle-income countries. Experience in a variety of populations has demonstrated that lowering certain risk factors, such as hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, reduces illness and deaths from cardiovascular diseases. A dual approach is recommended: screening and intervening in cases of relatively high risk, while fostering population-wide preventive activities. This is both feasible and affordable. Now is the time to make such efforts.

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