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Pharmacogenetics. 2001 Nov;11(8):703-8.

Genetic polymorphisms of microsomal and soluble epoxide hydrolase and the risk of Parkinson's disease.

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Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-7234, USA.


Oxidative stress is hypothesized to play a major role in the destruction of dopaminergic neurons, which is associated with Parkinson's disease. Epoxides are potentially reactive intermediates formed through the oxidative metabolism of both exogenous and endogenous substances that contribute to cytotoxic damage mediated by oxidative stress. The microsomal (EPHX1) and soluble (EPHX2) epoxide hydrolases function to regulate the oxidation status of a wide range of xenobiotic- and lipid-derived substrates; therefore, interindividual variation in these pathways may mitigate epoxide-related cellular injury. In this investigation, we examined the potential association between the risk of Parkinson's disease and genetic variation within the EPHX1 and EPHX2 genes. Fluorescent 5' nuclease-based assays were developed to identify the allelic status of individuals with respect to specific single nucleotide polymorphisms in exons 3 and 4 of the EPHX1 gene and exons 8 and 13 of the EPHX2 gene. EPHX1 and EPHX2 genotype data were obtained from 133 idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients and 212 control subjects matched on age, gender and ethnicity. No statistically significant differences were found in the distribution of the reference and variant alleles between Parkinson's disease and control subjects, or when results were stratified by gender. Therefore, common polymorphisms within EPHX1 and EPHX2 do not appear to be important risk factors for Parkinson's disease.

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