Send to

Choose Destination
J Physiol. 2001 Nov 1;536(Pt 3):809-23.

Interaction between synaptic excitation and slow afterhyperpolarization current in rat hippocampal pyramidal cells.

Author information

Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK.


1. Whole cell recordings from CA1 pyramidal cells were performed to investigate the interaction between excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) or currents (EPSCs), and the slow Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) current, I(sAHP). Blockers of the slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) such as isoprenaline (ISO) or noradrenaline (NA) reduced the hyperpolarization that followed a short train of EPSPs, and slowed the decay of summated EPSPs or EPSCs. 2. ISO/NA action on synaptic responses was observed in the absence of action potentials, but was curtailed by Ca(2+) chelation (10 mM EGTA in the electrode) and was not observed with a caesium-based recording solution. This suggests the involvement of an ISO/NA-sensitive Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) current without a requirement for regenerative spiking. 3. An ISO/NA-sensitive sAHP was observed following both NMDA and non-NMDA receptor-mediated EPSP trains in nominally zero Mg(2+) medium. Isoprenaline sensitivity was blocked by hyperpolarization during EPSPs or by isradipine, suggesting a requirement for voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx during EPSPs. The data indicate that bursts of EPSPs can activate voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, which trigger I(sAHP) during synaptic responses. 4. A decrease in EPSP temporal summation occurred during both spike-evoked sAHPs and persistent activation of sAHP conductance following internal dialysis with diazo-2 (2 mM). At constant membrane potential, diazo-2 caused a decrease in membrane time constant and input resistance and accelerated the rate of EPSP decay. Photolysis of diazo-2 or application of NA reduced the resting sAHP conductance, causing an increased membrane time constant and input resistance in association with an increase in EPSP half-width. 5. These results indicate that short bursts of EPSPs can activate a Ca(2+)-dependent K(+) current resembling I(sAHP), and that activation of this current reduces the postsynaptic response to high-frequency synaptic input. The findings imply that modulation of I(sAHP) can regulate synaptic efficacy and may influence the threshold for tetanus-induced synaptic plasticity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center