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J Endocrinol. 2001 Nov;171(2):273-84.

IGFBPs modulate IGF-I- and high glucose-controlled growth of human retinal endothelial cells.

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1
Department of Clinical Pathophysiology, Endocrinology Unit, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Section, University of Florence, viale Pieraccini 6, 50134 Florence, Italy.

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are important local factors in the development of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. We investigated the effects of IGF-I and increased glucose concentrations on the release of IGFBPs and the growth of human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs). HRECs secrete IGFBPs-2 to -5. IGF-I stimulated thymidine incorporation and modified the pattern of IGFBPs, decreasing the inhibitory IGFBP-4 through down-regulation of its mRNA, and increasing IGFBP-5 which, per se, was able to modulate HREC growth, exerting post-transcriptional control. Studies using an antibody (alpha IR3) against the IGF-I receptor, and compounds with low affinity for IGFBPs, such as insulin and des(1-3)IGF-I, showed that an interaction between IGF-I and IGFBP-5 was necessary to detach this IGFBP from its binding sites. The dose of IGF-I that significantly decreased the IGFBP-4/IGFBP-5 ratio was the same that stimulated HREC growth. Chronic exposure to high concentrations of glucose was able to reduce HREC mitogenesis, interacting with the IGF system through a decrease in the stimulatory IGFBPs-2, -3 and -5, leaving the concentration of the inhibitory IGFBP-4 constant. These results extend our previous observations in endothelial cells and suggest that the IGFBP-4/IGFBP-5 ratio regulates IGF-I-induced growth of HRECs, whereas a general decrease in IGFBPs (except for IGFBP-4) was the anti-proliferative effect of chronic exposure to high glucose concentrations.

PMID:
11691647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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