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Radiology. 2001 Nov;221(2):523-9.

Optical imaging of matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity in tumors: feasibility study in a mouse model.

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1
Center for Molecular Imaging Research, Massachusetts General Hospital, Bldg 149, 13th St, Rm 5406, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To develop an optical imaging method to determine the expression level of tumoral matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in vivo.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An optical contrast agent was developed that was highly activatable by means of MMP-2-induced conversion. Signal characteristics of the probe were quantified ex vivo with a recombinant enzyme. Animal tumor models were established with MMP-2-positive (human fibrosarcoma cell line, n = 4) and MMP-2-negative (well-differentiated mammary adenocarcinoma, n = 4) tumor cell lines. Both tumors were implanted into nude mice and were optically imaged after intravenous administration of the MMP-2-sensitive probe.

RESULTS:

The MMP-2-sensitive probe was activated by MMP-2 in vitro, producing up to an 850% increase in near-infrared fluorescent signal intensity. This activation could be blocked by MMP-2 inhibitors. MMP-2-positive tumors were easily identified as high-signal-intensity regions as early as 1 hour after intravenous injection of the MMP-2 probe, while contralateral MMP-2-negative tumors showed little to no signal intensity. A nonspecific control probe showed little to no activation in MMP-2-positive tumors.

CONCLUSION:

It is feasible to image MMP-2 enzyme activity in vivo by using near-infrared optical imaging technology and "smart" matrix metalloproteinase-sensitive probes.

PMID:
11687699
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.2212010368
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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