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Thromb Haemost. 2001 Oct;86(4):1065-9.

Both the high affinity thrombin receptor (GPIb-IX-V) and GPIIb/IIIa are implicated in expression of thrombin-induced platelet procoagulant activity.

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  • 1DuPont Pharmaceuticals Company, Wilmington, DE 19880-0400, USA.


Platelets activated by alpha-thrombin express surface procoagulant activity (PCA) that accelerates the conversion of prothrombin to alpha-thrombin. Following activation with 10 nM alpha-thrombin, the PCA of normal platelets was approximately five-fold higher than that of Bernard-Soulier platelets (lacking GPIb). Normal platelet PCA was inhibited approximately 50% by activation in the presence of the anti-GPIb MoAbs LJIb10 or TM60. Moreover, normal platelet PCA was completely abrogated in the presence of a combination of both LJIb10 and c7E3, a MoAb directed against alphaIIbbeta3 (GPIIb/IIIa). In contrast. PCA expressed by Bernard Soulier or Glanzmann platelets was not inhibited by either LJIb10 or c7E3 MoAb. The platelet activating peptide SFLLRN at 10 microM, a concentration which fully activates platelet aggregation and Ca2+ mobilization, generated PCA activity one fifth of that generated by alpha-thrombin at 10 nM but anti-PAR1 antibodies did not affect thrombin-induced PCA expression. These results demonstrate that GPIb mediates, at least in part, the thrombin-induced activation of platelets that leads to PCA, and that alphaIIbbeta3 is also involved in PCA generation, but these results do not support a major role for PAR1 in this activation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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