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Am J Public Health. 2001 Nov;91(11):1847-50.

Area-level characteristics and smoking in women.

Author information

1
Division of Population Science, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pa 19111, USA. m_tseng@fccc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study examined whether area-level characteristics are associated with individual smoking behavior among women.

METHODS:

Analyses included 648 women enrolled as control patients in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study (1993-1996). Smoking and covariate information was obtained from interviews. Area-level characteristics included census block-group education level, poverty, unemployment, car-home ownership, crowding, and, for 431 women, city-level crime rates.

RESULTS:

In multivariate logistic regression models, no area characteristics were clearly associated with a history of smoking. Among those who had ever smoked, continued smoking was associated with living in low-education areas (odds ratio [OR] = 1.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0, 2.9), high-unemployment areas (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.0, 2.8), and high-crime areas (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 0.8, 3.2).

CONCLUSIONS:

The present findings are consistent with a growing literature suggesting that area-level social and economic disadvantage influences individual smoking behavior.

PMID:
11684614
PMCID:
PMC1446889
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.91.11.1847
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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