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J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Nov;39(11):3830-7.

Characterization of AFMP1: a novel target for serodiagnosis of aspergillosis.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong. microgen@hkucc.hku.hk

Abstract

We cloned the AFMP1 gene, which encodes the first antigenic cell wall galactomannoprotein in Aspergillus fumigatus. AFMP1 codes for a protein, Afmp1p, of 284 amino acid residues, with a few sequence features that are present in Mp1p, the antigenic cell wall mannoprotein in Penicillium marneffei that we described previously, as well as several other cell wall proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans. It contains a serine- and threonine-rich region for O glycosylation, a signal peptide, and a putative glycosylphosphatidyl inositol attachment signal sequence. Specific anti-Afmp1p antibody was generated with recombinant Afmp1p protein purified from Escherichia coli to allow further characterization of Afmp1p. Afmp1p has a high affinity for Galanthus nivalis agglutinin, a characteristic indicative of a mannoprotein. Furthermore, it was recognized by a rat monoclonal antibody against the galactofuran side chain of galactomannan, indicating that it is a galactomannoprotein. Ultrastructural analysis by immunogold staining indicated that Afmp1p is present in the cell walls of the hyphae and conidia of A. fumigatus. Finally, it was observed that patients with aspergilloma and invasive aspergillosis due to A. fumigatus develop a specific antibody response against Afmp1p. This suggested that the recombinant protein and its antibody may be useful for serodiagnosis in patients with aspergilloma or invasive aspergillosis, and the protein may represent a good cell surface target for host humoral immunity.

PMID:
11682494
PMCID:
PMC88451
DOI:
10.1128/JCM.39.11.3830-3837.2001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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