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Neurosci Lett. 2001 Nov 9;313(3):129-32.

Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors control phosphorylation of CREB, Elk-1 and ERK via a CaMKII-dependent pathway in rat striatum.

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Division of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, University of Missouri-Kansas City, 2411 Holmes Street, M3-C15, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA.


In vivo activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) upregulates phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB), Elk-1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) in striatal neurons. To evaluate putative roles of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in CREB, Elk-1 and ERK phosphorylation, the CaMKII inhibitor, KN62, was infused simultaneously with the group I mGluR agonist, 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG), into the rat dorsal striatum. The results showed that DHPG (125, 250, and 500 nmol) increased phosphorylated (p) CaMKII immunoreactivity (IR) in a dose-dependent manner. KN62 (50 nmol) significantly attenuated 500 nmol DHPG-induced pERK, pElk-1 and pCREB IR in the ipsilateral dorsal striatum. These data indicate that pCaMKII is a possible upstream effector that is responsible for the regulation of CREB, Elk-1 and ERK phosphoproteins in response to group I mGluR stimulation in striatal neurons.

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