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J Cell Physiol. 1975 Apr;85(2 Pt 1):227-34.

The effects of ouabain on the cell mitotic cycle of mouse lymphoblasts.


The inhibition of cell proliferation by ouabain has been analyzed with respect to the cell cycle. Three lines of evidence indicate that growth rate is modified by altering to different degrees the rate of progress through stages of the cell cycle: (1) a three hour lag occurs between the time of ouabain addition and the inhibition of proliferation; (2) oubain must be present at least two to four hours prior to the mitotic burst of synchronized cells for inhibition of mitosis to occur; (3) parasynchrony is observed when cells are resuspended in ouabain-free medium after 12 hours of exposure to ouabain. Analysis of the distribution of cells in each of the stages of the cell cycle at various times during ouabain treatment reveals a progressive increase in the fraction of cells in S with a concomitant decrease in the percent of cells in each of the stages. These results indicate that the prolongation of the cell cycle time in the presence of ouabain is due primarily to an S stage block.

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